Appendix A: graph showing the industry composition of DC, Baltimore and Virginia Beach

Appendix B: a list of 45 cities included in the analysis

Appendix C: A list of large property tax abatements in DC

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Bartik, Timothy J. “A New Panel Database on Business Incentives for Economic Development Offered by State and Local Governments in the United States.” Prepared for the Pew Charitable Trusts., 2017.

—. Making Sense of Incentives: Taming Business Incentives to Promote Prosperity. W.E. Upjohn Institute for Employment Research, 2019.

Cline, Robert, Andrew Phillips, and Thomas Neubig. Competitiveness of State and Local Business Taxes on New Investment: Ranking States by Tax Burden on New Investment. Ernst & Young, 2011.

Peters, Alan H., and Peter S. Fisher. State Enterprise Zone Programs: Have They Worked? W.E. Upjohn Institute for Employment Research. 2002. doi:10.17848/9781417524433

Slattery, Cailin R. Bidding for Firms: Subsidy Competition in the U.S. Working Paper, 2020.

Slattery, Cailin, and Owen Zidar. “Evaluating State and Local Business Incentives.” Journal of Economic Perspectives, vol. 34, no. 2, May 2020, pp. 90–118., doi:10.1257/jep.34.2.90.

Feature photo by Ted Eytan (source).

D.C. Policy Center Fellows are independent writers, and we gladly encourage the expression of a variety of perspectives. The views of our Fellows, published here or elsewhere, do not reflect the views of the D.C. Policy Center.

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